Professor Iain Walker

BA (Hons), MSc, PhD
School Director

I am a social psychologist, with broad interests in social and environmental sustainability and in social justice. 

I am the Director of the Research School of Psychology at the Australian National University. I have held similar head of school roles at the University of Canberra and Murdoch University, and I worked for several years as a Research Group Leader and Research Program leader of the Social & Economic Sciences Program at CSIRO. 

My PhD is from the University of California at Santa Cruz, and my undergraduate degrees are from the University of Adelaide and Flinders University. 

Books:

  1. Schandl, H., & Walker, I. (Eds.) (2017). Social science and sustainability. Canberra: CSIRO Publishing.
  2. Augoustinos, M., Walker, I., & Donaghue, N. (2014). Social cognition: An integrated introduction (3nd ed.). London: Sage.
  3. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (Eds.). (2007). Social representations and identity: Content, process, and power. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
  4. Walker, I., & Smith, H. J. (Eds.), (2002). Relative deprivation theory: Specification, development, and integration. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Book chapters and encyclopaedia entries:

  1. Walker, I., Leviston, Z., McCrea, R., Price, J., & Greenhill, M. (2017). Making sense of Australians’ responses to climate change: Insights from a series of five national surveys. In H. Schandl & I. Walker (Eds.), Social science and sustainability (pp. 161-176). Canberra: CSIRO Publishing.
  2. Walker, I. (2016). Social cognition. In H. Miller, Jr. (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. DOI: 10.4135/9781483346274.n298
  3. Dudgeon, P., Wright, M., Paradies, Y., Garvey, D., & Walker, I. (2014). Social and cultural context. In N. Purdie, P. Dudgeon, & R. Walker (Eds.), Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice (2nd ed., pp. 3-24).  Melbourne: ACER Publishing.
  4. Moloney, G., Walker, I., & Charlton, T. (2013). I do but I don’t…: The Yes, But factor in organ donation and transplantation. In M. A. Lauri (Ed.), Organ Donation and Transplantation - An Interdisciplinary Approach (pp. 141-150). New York: Nova Science Publishers.
  5. Dudgeon, P., Wright, M., Paradies, Y., Garvey, D., & Walker, I. (2010). Social and cultural context. In Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice (pp. 25-42). Melbourne: ACER Publishing.
  6. Walker, I. (2010). Relative deprivation. In J. Levine & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Sage encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations (pp. 694-698). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  7. Walker, I. (2010). Jigsaw classroom technique. In J. Levine & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Sage encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations (pp. 491-493). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  8. Smith, H. J., & Walker, I. (2008). Feeling relative deprivation: The rocky road from comparisons to actions. In U. Wagner, L. R. Tropp, G. Finchilescu, & C. Tredoux (Eds.), Improving intergroup relations – Building on the legacy of Thomas F. Pettigrew (pp. 227-243). SPSSI Series on Social Issues and Interventions. Oxford: Blackwell.
  9. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (2007). Introduction. In G. Moloney & I. Walker (Eds.), Social representations and identity: Content, process, and power (pp. 1-8). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
  10. Walker, I., Broderick, P., & Correia, H. (2007). Conceptions and misconceptions: Social representations of medically assisted reproduction. In G. Moloney & I. Walker (Eds.), Social representations and identity: Content, process, and power (pp. 157-176). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
  11. Walker, I., Wong, N. K., & Kretzschmar, K. (2002). Relative deprivation and attribution: From grievance to action. In I. Walker & H. J. Smith (Eds.), Relative deprivation theory: Specification, development, and integration (pp. 288-312). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  12. Walker, I., & Smith, H. J. (2002). Fifty years of relative deprivation research. In I. Walker & H. J. Smith (Eds.), Relative deprivation theory: Specification, development, and integration (pp. 1-9). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  13. Walker, I. (2001). Changes in prejudice against Aboriginal Australians. In M. Augoustinos & K. J. Reynolds (Eds.), Understanding prejudice, racism and social conflict (pp. 24-42). London: Sage.
  14. Locke, V., & Walker, I. (1999). Stereotypes, processing goals, and social identity: Inveterate and fugacious characteristics of stereotypes. In D. Abrams & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Social cognition and social identity (pp. 164-182). Oxford: Blackwell.
  15. Archer, D., Pettigrew, T.F., Costanzo, M., Iritani, B., Walker, I., & White, L. (1986). Energy conservation and public policy: The mediation of individual behavior. In W. Kempton & M. Neiman (Eds.), Energy efficiency: Perspectives on individual behavior (pp. 69 - 92). Berkeley, CA: American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.

Refereed journal articles:

  1. Carleton, K., Freene, N., Semple, S., Gibson, D., & Walker, I. (under review). Interventions to meet the support needs of informal caregivers of patients with heart failure: A rapid review. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
  2. Frew, T., Watsford, C., & Walker, I. (under review). Gender dysphoria and psychiatric comorbidities in childhood: A systematic review. Australian Journal of Psychology.
  3. Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (in press). The influence of moral disengagement on responses to climate change. Environment and Behaviour.
  4. Murray, K., Brown, P. M., Rieger, E., & Walker, I. (under review). Functional body image in adults: A multidimensional measurement validation study
  5. Permadi, D., Burton, M., & Walker, I. (under review). Do smallholders state their true preference? An application of inferred valuation for investigating attributes’ preferences of afforestation contract. Journal of Forest Economics
  6. Plummer, A., & Walker, I. (under review). Can self-regulation explain why not everyone is overweight or obese?’
  7. Moloney, G., Upcroft, L., Rienks, S., Sutherland, M., Bowling, A., & Walker, I. (in press). Respect, interaction and immediacy: Addressing the challenges associated with the different religious and cultural approaches to organ donation in Australia. Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
  8. Moloney, G., Sutherland, M., Norton, M., & Walker, I. (in press). Don’t forget the context when you are talking about organ donation: Social representations, shared mood and behaviour. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
  9. Hurlstone, M. J., Price, A., Wang, S., Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2020). Activating the legacy motive mitigates intergenerational discounting in the climate game. Global Environmental Change, 60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.102008
  10. Leviston, Z., Dandy, J., Jetten, J., & Walker, I. (2020). The role of relative deprivation in majority-culture support for multiculturalism. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 50, 228-239. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12652
  11. Sutherland, M., Moloney, G., Norton, M., Bowling, A., & Walker, I. (2020). Utilizing a hospital-based setting to increase organ donor registrations. Transplantation, 104, 1210–1214.
  12. Nicol, A., Mak, A., Murray, K., Walker, I., & Buckmaster, D. (2020). The relationships between early maladaptive schemas and youth mental health: A systematic review. Cognitive Therapy and Research.
  13. Ruby, M., Walker, I., & Watkins, H. (2020). Sustainable consumption: The psychology of individual choice, identity, and behavior. Introduction to the special issue on Psychology and Sustainably Consumption. Journal of Social Issues, 76, 86-100. doi: 10.1111/josi.1236
  14. Sutherland, M., Moloney, G., Norton, M., Bowling, A., & Walker, I. (2020). Increasing registrations on the Australian Organ Donor Register. Transplantation, 104, 1210–1214.
  15. Andreotta, M., Nugroho, R., Hurlstone, M., Boschetti, F., Farrell, S, Walker, I. & Paris, C. (2019). Performing qualitative analyses on social media data sets: an application to climate change commentary on Twitter. Behaviour Research Methods
  16. Moloney, G., Sutherland, M., Norton, M., & Walker, I. (2019). When is the gift given? Organ donation, social representations, and an opportunity to register. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 29, 207-221. DOI: 10.1002/casp.2395 
  17. Sutherland, M., Moloney, G., Norton, M., Bowling, A., & Walker, I. (2019). Increasing registrations on the Australian Organ Donor Register. Medical Journal of Australia. DOI:10.5694/mja2.50000
  18. Wang, S., Hurlstone, M., Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Lawrence C. (2019). Climate change from a distance: An analysis of construal level and psychological distance from climate change [Contribution to special issue on “The Cognitive Psychology of Climate Change”]. Frontiers of Psychology, 10. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00230
  19. Xie, B., Hurlstone, M., & Walker, I. (2018). Correct me if I’m wrong: Groups outperform individuals in the Climate Stabilization Task [Contribution to special issue on “The Cognitive Psychology of Climate Change”]. Frontiers of Psychology, 9. Article 2274. doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02274
  20. Leviston, Z., Walker, I., Green; M., & Price, J. (2018). Linkages between ecosystem services and human wellbeing: A Nexus Webs approach. Ecological Indicators, 93, 658-668. doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.05.052
  21. Moglia, M., Boschetti, F., Grigg, N., & Walker, I. (2018). Mental models of cities and their relevance to urban resilience. Emergence: Complexity & Organization. Edition 1. doi: 10.emerg/10.17357.ea8adde7fff3734fadd5c6d60e8560b9.
  22. Permadi, D., Burton, M., Pandit, R., Race, D., & Walker, I. (2018). Local community’s preferences for accepting a forestry partnership contract to grow pulpwood in Indonesia: a choice experiment study. Forest Policy and Economics, 91, 73-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2017.11.008
  23. Tapsuwan, S., Mathot, C., Barnett, G, & Walker, I. (2018). Preferences for sustainable, liveable and resilient neighbourhoods and homes: a case of Canberra, Australia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 37, 133-145. DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2017.10.034
  24. Wang, S., Leviston, Z., Hurlstone, M., Lawrence, C., & Walker, I. (2018). Emotions predict policy support: Why it matters how people feel about climate change. Global Environmental Change, 50, 25-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.03.002
  25. Greenhill, M., Walker, I., Mendham, D., & Permadi, D. (2017). West Kalimantan industrial plantation scheme: Twenty years on. Forests, Trees, and Livelihoods, 26, 215-228  doi: 10.1080/14728028.2017.1320238.
  26. Boschetti, F., Gaffier, C., Price, J., Moglia, M., & Walker, I. (2017). Myths of the city. Sustainability Science, 12 (4), 611-620. DOI: 10.1007/s11625-017-0436-2.
  27. Permadi, D. B., Burton, M, Pandit, R., Walker, I., & Race, D. (2017). Which smallholders are willing to adopt Acacia mangium under long-term contracts? Evidence from a choice experiment study in Indonesia. Land Use Policy, 65, 211-223 DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.04.015
  28. Hurlstone, M. J., Price, A., Wang, S., Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2017). Cooperation studies of catastrophe avoidance: Implications for climate negotiations. Climatic Change, 140, 119-133. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1838-3
  29. Lynam, T., & Walker, I. (2016). Making sense of climate change: Orientations to adaptation. Ecology and Society, 21 (4), 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-08886-210417
  30. Boschetti, F., Price, J., & Walker, I. (2016). Myths of the future and scenario archetypes. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 111, 76-85
  31. Richert, C., Boschetti, F., Walker, I., Price, J., & Grigg, N. (2016). Testing the consistency between goals and policies for sustainable development: Mental models of how the world works today are inconsistent with models of how the world will work in the future. Sustainability Science, 12, 45-64. doi:10.1007/s11625-016-0384-2
  32. Boschetti, F., Price, J., & Walker, I. (2016). Modelling and attitudes towards the future. Ecological Modelling, 322, 71-81.
  33. McCrea, R., Leviston, R., & Walker, I. (2016). Climate change skepticism and voting behaviour: What causes what? Environment and Behavior, 48, 1309-1334.
  34. Sapiains, R., Beeton, R. J. S., & Walker, I. (2016). Individual responses to climate change: Framing effects on pro-environmental behaviors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 46, 483-493. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12378
  35. Aravelo-Vigne, I., Longnecker, N., White, B., Walker, I., & Kingwell, R. (2015). Making sense of the science behind fruit fly control. Rural Extension & Innovation Systems Journal, 11(1)
  36. Dreyer, S., J., Walker, I., McCoy, S. K., & Teisl, M. F. (2015). Australians’ views on carbon pricing before and after the 2013 federal election. Nature Climate Change. 5, 1064-1067.
  37. Gibson, F. L., Taspuwan, S., Walker, I., & Randrema, E. (2015). Drivers in an urban community’s acceptance of using a large scale desalination scheme to deliver drinking water. Journal of Hydrology, 528, 38-44.
  38. McCrea, R., Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Shyy, T-K. (2015). Climate change beliefs count: Relationships with voting outcomes at the 2010 Australian federal election. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 3, 124-141.
  39. LeBlanc, J., Beaton, A., & Walker, I. (2015). The downside of being up: A new look at relative group privilege and traditional prejudice. Social Justice Research, 28, 143-167.
  40. Hobman, E. V., & Walker, I. (2015). Stasis and change: Social psychological insights into social-ecological resilience. Ecology and Society, 20, 39 [online]. URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol20/iss1/art39/.
  41. Sapiains, R., Beeton, R. J. S., & Walker, I. (2015). The dissociative experience: Mediating the tension between people’s awareness of environmental problems and their inadequate behavioral responses. Ecopsychology, 7, 38-47. 
  42. Walker, I., Leviston, Z., Price, J., & Devine-Wright, P. (2015). Responses to a worsening environment: Relative deprivation mediates between place attachments and behaviour. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 833-846.
  43. O’Brien, G., Donaghue, N., & Walker, I. (2014). Deservingness and gratitude in the context of heart transplantation. Qualitative Health Research, 24, 1635-1647.
  44. Greenhill., M., Leviston, Z., Leonard, R., & Walker, I. (2014). Assessing climate change beliefs: Response effects of question wording and response alternatives. Public Understanding of Science, 23, 947-965. 
  45. Guy, S., Kashima, K., Walker, I., & O’Neill, S. (2014).  Investigating the effects of knowledge and ideology on acceptance of climate change.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 421-429.
  46. Walker, I. (2014). A social scientist’s view of science adoption and uptake. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, 9, 31-37. DOI: 10.1007/s00003-014-0896-6
  47. De Barro, P., Goldson, S., Bartsch, D., Hirsch, M., Jeggo, M., Lowenthal, J.W., Macdonald, P., McAllister, R.R.J., McCrea, R., McFarlane, F., Robinson, C., Ritman, K., Smith, J., Van Klinken, R.D., Walker, I., Alexandre, J.R., Barry, S., Beech, C, Cormick, C., Kearns, P., Liang, Q., Mankad, A., McCammon, S.L., Mestdagh, S., Tapsuwan, S., Walton, A. (2014). Science into policy: Improving uptake and adoption of research – outcomes and conclusions. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, 9
  48. Price, J. A., Walker, I., & Boschetti, F. (2014). Measuring cultural values and beliefs about environment to identify their role in climate change responses. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 37, 8-20.
  49. Dreyer, S., & Walker, I. (2013). Acceptance and support of the Australian carbon policy.  Social Justice Research, 26, 343–362. DOI: 10.1007/s11211-013-0191-1
  50. Guy, S., Kashima, Y., Walker, I., & O’Neill, S. (2013). Comparing the atmosphere to a bathtub: Effectiveness of analogy for reasoning about accumulation. Climatic Change, 121, 579-594.
  51. Akompab, D. A., Bi, P., Williams, S., Grant, J., Walker, I., & Augoustinos, M. (2013). Heat waves and climate change: Applying the health belief model to identity predictors of risk perception and adaptive behaviours in Adelaide, South Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10, 2164-2184. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10062164
  52. Akompab, D. A., Bi, P., Williams, S., Grant, J., Walker, I., & Augoustinos, M. (2013). Awareness of and attitudes towards heat waves within the context of climate change among a cohort of residents in Adelaide, Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10, 1-17. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10010001
  53. Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Morwinski, S. (2013). Your opinion on climate change might not be as common as you think. Nature Climate Change. 3(4), 334-337. doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1743
  54. Bates, L. E., Green, M., Leonard, R., & Walker, I. (2013). The influence of forums and multilevel governance on the climate adaptation practices of Australian organizations. Ecology and Society, 18, 62.
  55. Akompab, D. A., Bi, P., Williams, S., Saniotis, A., Walker, I., & Augoustinos, M. (2013). Engaging stakeholders in an adaptation process: governance and institutional arrangements in heat-health policy development in Adelaide, Australia. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. DOI 10.1007/s11027-012-9404-4
  56. Akompab, D. A., Bi, P., Williams, S., Saniotis, A., Walker, I., & Augoustinos. M. (2013). Climate change, community understanding and emotional responses to the impacts of heat waves in Adelaide, Australia. International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, 4, 109-126. doi:10.18848/1835-7156/CGP/v04i02/37164.
  57. Boschetti, F., Richer, C., Walker, I., Price, J., & Dutra, L. (2012). Assessing attitudes and cognitive styles of stakeholders in environmental projects involving computer modelling. Ecological Modelling, 247, 98–111. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.07.027
  58. Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2012). Beliefs and denials about climate change: An Australian perspective. Ecopsychology, 4, 277-285.
  59. Pedersen, A., Walker, I., Paradies, Y., & Guerin, B. (2011). How to cook rice: A review of ingredients for teaching anti-prejudice. Australian Psychologist, 46, 55–63.
  60. Donaghue, N., & Walker, I. (2007). Contact sports: Judgements of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian Football League players’ performance. South African Journal of Psychology, 37, 771-782.
  61. Kurz, T., Donaghue, N., Rapley, M., & Walker, I. (2005). The ways that people talk about natural resources: Discursive strategies as barriers to environmentally sustainable practices. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 603-620.
  62. Moloney, G., Hall, R., & Walker, I. (2005). Social representations and themata: The construction and functioning of social knowledge about donation and transplantation. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 415-441.
  63. Kurz, T., Donaghue, N., & Walker, I. (2005). Utilizing a social-ecological framework to promote water and energy conservation: A field experiment. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 1281-1300.
  64. Pedersen, A., Walker, I., & Wise, M. (2005). ‘Talk does not cook rice’: Beyond anti-racism rhetoric to strategies for social action. Australian Journal of Psychology, 40, 20-30.
  65. Pedersen, A., Beven, J., Walker, I., & Griffiths, B. (2004). Attitudes toward Indigenous Australians: The role of empathy and guilt. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 14, 1-17.
  66. Colic-Peisker, V., & Walker, I. (2003). Human capital, acculturation, and social identity: Bosnian refugees in Australi:. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 13, 337-360
  67. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (2002). Talking about transplants: Social representations and the dialectical nature of the dilemma. British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 299-320.
  68. Broderick, P. & Walker, I. (2001). Donor gametes and embryos: Who wants to know what about whom, and why? Politics and the Life Sciences, 20, 29-42.
  69. Pedersen, A., Griffiths, B., Contos, B., Bishop, B., & Walker, I. (2000). Attitudes toward Aboriginal Australians in city and country settings. Australian Psychologist, 35, 1-9.
  70. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (2000). Messiahs, pariahs, and donors: The development of social representations of organ donation. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 30, 203-227.
  71. Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (2000). Urban Aboriginal-Australian and Anglo-Australian children: Ingroup preference, self-concept, and teachers’ academic evaluations. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 10, 183-197.
  72. Walker, I. (1999). Effects of personal and group relative deprivation on dimensions of personal and collective self-esteem. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 2, 365-380.
  73. Walker, I., & Broderick, P. (1999). The psychology of assisted reproduction - Or psychology assisting its reproduction? Australian Psychologist, 34, 38-44.
  74. Walker, I., & Broderick, P. (1999). Challenges to the reproduction of misunderstanding. Australian Psychologist, 34, 221-228.
  75. Pedersen, A., Walker, I., & Glass, C. (1999). Experimenter effects on the ingroup preference and self-concept of urban Aboriginal children. Australian Journal of Psychology, 51, 82-89.
  76. Walker, I., & Crogan, M. (1998). Academic performance, prejudice, and the Jigsaw classroom: New pieces to the puzzle. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 8, 381-393.
  77. Augoustinos, M., & Walker, I. (1998). The construction of stereotypes within psychology: From social cognition to ideology. Theory and Psychology, 8, 629-652.
  78. Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (1997). Prejudice against Australian Aborigines: Old-fashioned and modern forms. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 561-587.
  79. Gibbins, K., & Walker, I. (1996). Social roles, social norms, and self-presentation in the Quiz Effect of Ross, Amabile, and Steinmetz. Journal of Social Psychology, 136, 625-634.
  80. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1995). Information access and donated gametes: How much do we know about who wants to know what about whom? Human Reproduction, 10, 3338-3341.
  81. Walker, I. (1994). Attitudes to minorities: Survey evidence of Western Australians' attitudes to Aborigines, Asians, and women. Australian Journal of Psychology, 46, 137-143.
  82. McDevitt, T. M., Sheehan, E. P., Cooney, J. B., Smith, H. V., & Walker, I. (1994). Conceptions of listening, learning processes, and epistemologies held by American, Irish, and Australian university students. Learning and Individual Differences, 6, 231-256.
  83. Locke, V., MacLeod, C., & Walker, I. (1994). Automatic activation of stereotypes: Individual differences associated with prejudice. British Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 29-46.
  84. Gibbins, K., & Walker, I. (1993). Multiple interpretations of the Rokeach Value Survey. Journal of Social Psychology, 133, 797-805.
  85. Walker, I. (1992) . Effects of interviewer’s sex on responses to the Attitudes toward Women Scale. Journal of Social Psychology, 132, 675-677.
  86. Petta, G., & Walker, I. (1992). Relative deprivation and ethnic identity. British Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 201-214.
  87. Smith, M., & Walker, I. (1992). The structure of attitudes to a single object: Adapting Criterial Referents Theory to measure attitudes to ‘woman’. British Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 201-214.
  88. Smith, M., & Walker, I. (1991). Evaluating the British version of the Attitudes towards Women Scale. Australian Journal of Psychology, 43, 7-10.
  89. Warren, P. E., & Walker, I. (1991). Empathy, effectiveness, and donations to charity: Social psychology's contribution. British Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 325-337.
  90. Walker, I., & Gibbins, K. (1989). Expecting the unexpected: A new explanation of category width? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 68, 715-724.
  91. Walker, I. (1989). Effects of sex, nationality, and political beliefs on allocation preferences. Australian Journal of Psychology, 41, 49-59.
  92. Walker, I., & Mann, L. (1987). Unemployment, relative deprivation, and social protest. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 275-283.
  93. Walker, I., & Pettigrew, T.F. (1984). Relative deprivation theory: An overview and conceptual critique. British Journal of Social Psychology, 23, 301-310. Reprinted in R. J. Brown (Ed.) Intergroup relations. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society.

Reports:

  1. Moloney, G., Sutherland, M., Norton, M., Judd, A., Bowling, A., & Walker, I. (2020). Offering Immediate Registration on the Australian Organ Donor Register, St Vincent’s Hospital 2019. Report prepared for NSW Organ and Tissue Donation Service. Coffs Harbour: Southern Cross University.
  2. Moloney, G., Sutherland, M., Norton, M., Judd, A., Bowling, A., & Walker, I. (2018). Maximising the effectiveness of the Immediate Registration Opportunity Paradigm. Report prepared for NSW Organ and Tissue Donation Service. Coffs Harbour: Southern Cross University.
  3. Greenhill, M. P., Mason, C., Tapsuwan, S., Reeson, A., & Walker, I. (2018). Digital services supporting customer engagement with superannuation: A literature review. CSIRO: Data61.
  4. Moloney, G., Sutherland, M., Norton, M., Judd, A., Bowling, A., Walker, I., Whittaker, L. (2018). Developing the immediate registration opportunity paradigm for use over multiple locations: DonateLife week, young adults and CALD communities. Report prepared for NSW Organ and Tissue Donation Service. Coffs Harbour: Southern Cross University.
  5. Greenhill, M., Tapsuwan, S., Walker, I., Mason, C., & Reeson, C. (2016). Enhancing digital service delivery to superannuation customers: A literature review. CSIRO: Data 61.
  6. Walker, I., Leviston, Z., Green, M., & Price, J. (2016) Nexus webs and the linkages between ecosystem services and human wellbeing. CSIRO: Land & Water Flagship.
  7. Mendham, D., Rimbawanto, A., Mohammed, C., Glen, M., Hardie, M., Beadle, C., Greenhill, M., Walker, I., Hardiyanto, E., Alen Inail, M., Siregar, S., Maralop, R., Wibisono, G., Permadi, D., Gafur, A., Indrayadi, H., Tjahjono, B., Page, D., Puspitasari, D., Prihatini, I., & Hidayati, I. (2015). Increasing productivity and profitability of Indonesian smallholder plantations. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Report Number FR2105-17.
  8. Leviston, Z., Greenhill, M., & Walker, I. (2015). Australian attitudes to climate change and adaptation: 2010-104. CSIRO Land & Water.
  9. Farbotko, C., & Walker, I. (2015). The importance of trust and equity for policies promoting tree-planting among Indonesian smallholder farmers. CSIRO report for ACIAR FST 2009/015.
  10. Greenhill, M. P., Permadi, D., & Walker, I. (2014). Acacia plantations in West Kalimantan. CSIRO report for ACIAR FST 2009/015.
  11. Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Malkin, S. (2013). Third annual survey of Australian attitudes to climate change: Interim report. CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship.
  12. Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2011). Second annual survey of Australian attitudes to climate change: Interim Report. CSIRO.
  13. Leviston, Z., Leitch, A., Greenhill, M., Leonard, R., & Walker, I. (2011). Australians’ views of climate change. Report commissioned for the Garnaut Climate Change Review.
  14. Leviston, Z. & Walker, I.A. (2011). Baseline Survey of Australian attitudes to climate change: Preliminary report. CSIRO.
  15. Gardner, J., Bates, L., Brown, P., Donovan, A., and Walker, I. (2010). Developing national indicators of climate change adaptive capacity. Report for Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency. CSIRO.
  16. Staples, C., Rapley, M., & Walker, I. (2007). Kalgoorlie Boulder Community Relations Strategy. Report to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. Canberra.
  17. Walker, I., Tilbury, F., Volet, S., Tungaraza, C., & Hastie, B. (2005). Pathways to apprenticeships and traineeships for people from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds. Report to the Department of Education and Training. State Government of Western Australia.
  18. Pedersen, A., Walker, I., Rapley, M., & Wise, M. (2002). Anti-racism: What works? An evaluation of the effectiveness of anti-racism strategies. Report to the Office of Multicultural Interests. Office of the Premier and Cabinet. State Government of Western Australia.
  19. Walker, I. (2000). Evaluation of the project “Effective planning procedures for ecologically sustainable land use in the rangelands” (Part 2). Report to the Rangeways Project.
  20. Walker, I. (1998). Evaluation of the project “Effective planning procedures for ecologically sustainable land use in the rangelands” (Part 1). Report to the Rangeways Project.
  21. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1998). Submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee on the Human Reproductive Technology Act 1991.
  22. Pedersen, A., Contos, N,. Griffiths, B., Bishop, B., & Walker, I. (1998). Attitudes toward Aboriginal-Australians: A Perth and Kalgoorlie study. Perth, WA: Aboriginal Affairs Department.
  23. Pedersen, A., Walker, I., Pickett, H., & Glass, C. (1997). Group and personal self-concepts of urban Aboriginal children within a sociocultural context. Perth, WA: Aboriginal Affairs Department.
  24. Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (1997). Reflected appraisals and the group and self-concepts of urban Aboriginal-Australian children. Perth, WA: Aboriginal Affairs Department.
  25. Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (1997). Self-concepts of urban Aboriginal-Australian children and academic performance. Perth, WA: Aboriginal Affairs Department.
  26. Walker, I. (1994). Factors affecting union membership. Report to the Union Defense Group; Trades and Labor Council, Perth, WA.
  27. Walker, I. (1991). Report on occasional child care facilities and users in Western Australia. Report to Carewest, Inc.; Perth, WA.
  28. Harman, F., Stocker, L., Walker, I., & Stirling, M. (1991). Barriers to the use of renewable energy in Western Australia. Murdoch, WA: Institute for Science and Technology Policy.

Conference presentations and abstracts:

  1. Greenhill, M. P., Mendham, D. S., Beadle, C., Pannell, D., Dempster, F., Walker, I., Tapsuwan, S., Dong, T. M., Tran, A. H., Thi, H. L., & Ha, D. T. H. (2020). The importance of extrinsic and intrinsic variables in the adoption of new acacia management practices. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Conference of the Australasian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society (AARES), Perth, Western Australia, 11-14 February 2020.
  2. Walker, I. (2019). Relative deprivation and organisational satisfaction: Satisfaction and discontent and their consequences among university staff. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologist, 25-27 April. Coogee, NSW.
  3. Wang, S., Hurlstone, M., Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Lawrence, C. (2019) Climate change from a distance: An analysis of construal level and psychological distance from climate change. Paper presented at the International conference on Environmental Psychology, Plymouth, England, 4-6 September.
  4. Walker, I., Tapsuwan, S., Moglia, M., Cook, S., & Mulcahy, R. (2019, Dec) Changing domestic water consumption during a heatwave: The importance of social factors. Paper to be presented at the MODSIM Conference, Canberra.
  5. Murray, K., Brown, P. M., Walker, I., & Reiger, E. (2018). Functional body satisfaction, investment and appreciation in adults: Measurement development and relations with intuitive eating and well-being. Poster presented at the XXIVth annual meeting of the Eating Disorders Research Society. Sydney, Australia, 25-27 October.
  6. Walker, I., & Leviston, Z. (2017). Intrapersonal conflict and intergroup cooperation: How moral considerations shape responses to climate change. SASP/SPSSI Conference on The Morality of Conflict and Cooperation, Melbourne, Australia, 18-19 April.
  7. Walker, I., Price, J., & Boschetti, F. (2017). Imagining sustainable futures: Which future, and how do we get there? 46th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists, Melbourne, Australia, 20-22 April.
  8. Leviston, Z., Price, J., Walker, I., Greenhill, M., & Gardner, J. (2017). Patterns and contradictions in public understandings of climate change. 46th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists, April, Melbourne, Australia.
  9. Tapsuwan, S., Mathot, C., & Walker, I. (2016). Preference for sustainable, liveable and resilient features of the neighbourhoods and homes.  Contributed presentation at the 60th AARES Annual Conference, Canberra, ACT, 2-5 February 2016.
  10. Leviston, Z., Walker, I., Greenhill, M., McCrea, R., & Price, J. (2015). The persistence of inconsistency: Patterns of contradictions in public understandings of climate change, from CSIRO’s climate surveys 2010–2014. Greenhouse 2015. Hobart, TAS, 27-30 October.
  11. Greenhill, M., Walker, O., Wibisono, G., Sumirat, B., Suka, A., Bisjoe, A., Irawanti, S., Oktalina, S., & Permadi, D. B. (2015). Institutional support for small-scale tree growers: Gunung Kidul case study. Small-scale & Community Forestry and the Changing Nature of Forest Landscape Conference. University of Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia, 11-15 October.
  12. Permadi, D. B., Burton, M., Pandit, R., Walker, I., & Race, D. (2015). Farmers’ preferences for growing pulpwood: Evidence from a choice experiment study on company-community partnership scheme in Indonesia. Small-scale & Community Forestry and the Changing Nature of Forest Landscape Conference. University of Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia, 11-15 October.
  13. Wang, S., Hurlstone, M., Lawrence, C., Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2015). Climate change from a distance: Psychological distance and construal level as predictors of pro-environmental engagement. 44th Annual Conference for the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists, 8– 12 April, Newcastle: Australia.
  14. Kitto, K., Sonnenburg, L., Boschetti, F., & Walker, I. (2015). Modelling attitudes to climate change: An order effect and a test between alternatives. In H. Atmanspacher, C. Bergoni, T. Filk, & K. Kitto, K. (Eds.). Quantum interaction: 8th International Conference, QI 2014, Filzbach, Switzerland, Revised selected papers.
  15. Leviston, Z. & Walker, I. (2014). System legitimacy and support for climate change policy. International Society for Justice Research Conference 2014, 19-22 June, New York.
  16. Dreyer, S., & Walker, I. (2014). A two-dimensional differentiation of environmental policy support and acceptance. Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Convention. Austin, TX.
  17. Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Nicol, S. (2013). The Australian public’s understanding of climate adaptation: Familiarity, conceptualisations, and reported adaptation actions. NCCARF Climate Adaptation Conference, 25-27 June, Sydney, Australia.
  18. Price, J., Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2013). How shared values and beliefs shape climate change responses: Cultural biases, policy preferences, and behaviour. NCCARF Climate Adaptation Conference, 25-27 June, Sydney, Australia.
  19. Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Morwinski, S. (2013). What is everyone else thinking? Pluralistic ignorance and false consensus about climate change. Society of Australasian Social Psychologists, Cairns QLD, April 2013.
  20. Guy, S., Kashima, Y., Walker, I., & O’Neill, S. (2013). Effectiveness of analogy for communicating climate change. Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Adelaide, April 2012.
  21. Guy, S., Kashima, Y., Walker, I., & O’Neill, S. (2013). Usefulness of analogy for reasoning about climate change. International Conference on Culture, Politics, and Climate Change. Boulder, CO, USA, September, 2012.
  22. Price, J., Leviston, Z., Walker, I., & Boschetti, F. (2013). How cultural biases about environment influence climate change responses: The role of values and beliefs in adaptation and mitigation. Psychology and Climate Change Symposium. University of New South Wales, December 2013.
  23. Price, J., Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2013). Social psychology and human behaviour in the context of climate change: Understanding individual adaptation and mitigation. Australian and New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics Conference, Crawford School, Australian National University, Canberra, 11 November 2013.
  24. Dreyer, S., & Walker, I. (2013). Acceptance and support of the Australian Carbon Policy. American Psychological Association Annual Convention. Honolulu, HI.
  25. Bates, L. E., Green, M., Leonard, R., & Walker, I. (2012). The influence of multilevel governance systems on the development and implementation of climate adaptation practices within organizations in Australia. IVM Governance of Adaptation Symposium, Amsterdam, March, 2012
  26. Walker, I., Leviston, Z., & Kurz, T. (2012). Making sense of nonsense: Contradiction and malleability of views about climate change and climate change actions. NCCARF 2012 National Adaptation Conference, 26-28 June, Melbourne, Victoria.
  27. Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2012). What is everyone else thinking? Pluralistic ignorance and false consensus about community acceptance of anthropogenic climate change. NCCARF 2012 National Adaptation Conference, Melbourne, 26-28 June.
  28. McCrea, R., Leviston, Z., Shyy, T-K., and Walker, I. (2011) Scepticism counts: Impacts of climate change beliefs on primary votes for political parties at the 2010 Australian Federal Election. Paper and poster presented at the 2011 Behavior, Energy & Climate Change Conference, Washington DC, November 30 – December 2, 2011.
  29. Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2011). Climate change and the Australian community: Image associations, emotional responses, and behaviours. UISSRM 2011 Malaysia conference, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, June 2011.
  30. Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2011). Group characteristics of different views about the causes of climate change: An Australian national survey. Greenhouse 2011. Cairns QLD, April 2011.
  31. Leviston, Z., Leitch, A., Greenhill, M., Leonard, R., & Walker, I. (2011). Australians’ views of climate change. Greenhouse 2011. Cairns QLD, April 2011.
  32. Kurz, T., Genovese, J., Martin-Harris, & Walker, I. (2010). The relationship between the individual and the state in the context of efforts to combat climate change. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the British Psychological Society Social Section, Winchester, UK.
  33. Walker, I. (2010). A social psychology of denial and inaction. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists, Fremantle, WA.
  34. Walker, I. (2010). Discussant for symposium on Intergroup Contact Theory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists, Fremantle, WA.
  35. Beaton, A., Walker, I., & LeBlanc, J. (2009). Relative group privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Tampa FL.
  36. Walker, I. (2008). Social change, social justice, and intergroup emotions: Alienation and identity. Paper presented at the 12th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Justice Research. Adelaide, South Australia.
  37. Staples, C., Rapley, M., & Walker, I. (2007). Lessons from a community relations intervention to reduce intergroup conflict. Paper presented at the National Conference on Racism in a Global Context. Murdoch University.
  38. Walker, I. (2004). Does prejudice change? Paradoxical change and stasis. Paper presented at the small group conference on Dynamics of Social Change: Australian National University.
  39. Walker, I. (2003). When low is high: Fluidity in the expression of prejudice. Paper presented at the 9th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Bondi, NSW.
  40. Correia, H., Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (2003). Social representations and scientific understandings of the mentally ill: Core themes and evolving differences during psychology education. Paper presented at the 9th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Bondi, NSW.
  41. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (2003). The birth of misunderstandings: Social representations and medically assisted conception. Paper presented at the 3rd Murdoch Symposium on Talk-in-Interaction: Talking Health. Rockingham, WA.
  42. Walker, I. (2002). Prejudice, social identity, and action. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Adelaide, SA.
  43. Broderick, P., Walker, I., & Correia, H. (2002). What’s in a sperm? Human rights and biotechnological wrongs. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Adelaide, SA.
  44. Donaghue, N., & Walker, I. (2002). Legislating tolerance: Players’ reactions to the Australian Football League’s racial vilification laws. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Adelaide, SA.
  45. Guilfoyle, A., & Walker, I. (2002). A critical analysis of intergroup attribution research. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Adelaide, SA.
  46. Walker, I. (2002). Discussant for Symposium on ‘Working for the common good: Volunteers, citizenship, and public goods dilemmas’. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Adelaide, SA.
  47. Kurtz, T., Donaghue, N., & Walker, I. (2002). An integrative approach to promoting environmentally sustainable behaviour. Poster presented at the 4th Biennial Convention of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. Toronto. 28 June.
  48. Quigley, A., & Walker, I. (2001). Cold pies, warm beer, and misspent youth: Acculturation and delinquency among first- and second- generation migrants from South-East Asia. Paper presented at Australia’s 1st Forensic Psychology Conference. Sydney, 7-11 February.
  49. Walker, I., & Tan-Quigley, A. (2001). Interaction, strategy, and identity in sojourners returning home. Paper presented at the Asian Association of Social Psychology Annual Conference. Melbourne, VIC, 10-13 July.
  50. Walker, I., Broderick, P., & Correia, H. (2001). Access to parenthood: Discriminations, justifications, and representations. Paper presented at the second Murdoch Symposium on Talk-in-Interaction - 'Talking Race and Prejudice'. Murdoch, WA. 16-18 Dec.
  51. Walker, I., & Guilfoyle, A. (2000). Dividing Australia into one nation: Justice and exclusion in the rhetoric of the One Nation Party. Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology. Seattle, Washington, 1-4 July.
  52. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (2000). Past and present: Social representations and organ donation. Paper presented at the 5th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Fremantle, WA, 27-30 April.
  53. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (2000). Life and death: The dialectical nature of the social representation of organ donation and transplantation. Paper presented at the 5th International Conference on Social Representations. Montreal, Canada, 29 August – 5 September.
  54. Walker, I. (1999). An apparent study of experimental behaviour. Poster presented at the Murdoch Symposium on Talk-In-Interaction. Murdoch, WA, 23-24 September.
  55. Moloney, G., & Walker, I. (1999). Talking about transplants: The dilemma of donation. Poster presented at the Murdoch Symposium on Talk-In-Interaction. Murdoch, WA, 23-24 September.
  56. Walker, I. (1999). The changing nature of prejudice against Indigenous Australians. Paper presented at the 4th annual meeting of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Coolum, QLD, 8-11 April.
  57. Innes, J. M., Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (1999). Changing patterns of prejudice in Australia. Paper presented at the 22nd annual scientific meeting of the International Society for Political Psychology. Amsterdam, 18-21 July.
  58. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1999). Family formation with donated gametes: Parents’ views on privacy and disclosure. Paper presented within the symposium on ‘The aftermath of conception by IVF: Adjustment, dilemmas, and future challenges’ at the 11th Australasian Human Development Conference. Sydney, NSW, 8-10 July.
  59. Innes, J. M., & Walker, I. (1998). Prejudice in contemporary Australia: A social psychological view. Paper presented in the symposium on ‘Prejudice and racism: Psychological perspectives’, at the annual conference of the Australian Psychological Society, Melbourne, Vic, 30 Sept - 4 Oct.
  60. Broderick, P., Walker, I., Davey, S., & Clarkson, A. (1997). Attitudes toward access to reproductive technology. Paper presented at the 15th Annual Meeting of the Fertility Society of Australia. Adelaide, South Australia.
  61. Walker, I., & Broderick, P. (1997). Intergroup conflict and identity. Paper presented at the 3rd annual conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Wollongong, NSW.
  62. Walker, I., & Crogan, M. (1997). Academic performance, prejudice, and the Jigsaw classroom. Paper presented at the 3rd annual conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Wollongong, NSW.
  63. Pedersen, A., Walker, I., Contos, N., & Bishop, B. (1997). Attitudes to Aborigines and perceived discrimination. Paper presented at the 3rd annual conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Wollongong, NSW.
  64. Walker, I. (1997). Discussant for a symposium on ‘Bartlett’s legacy’ at the 3rd annual conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists. Wollongong, NSW.
  65. Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (1996). The development of ethnic self-concept of urban Aboriginal children. Paper presented at the 6th National Australian and New Zealand Community Psychology Conference: ‘Promoting action research and social justice’. Toodjay, WA.
  66. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1996). Blood donors, gamete donors, and non-donors: Motivation to donate and attachment to donation. Paper presented at the XXVI International Congress of Psychology; Montreal, Canada.
  67. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1996). Recipients couples’ agreement on information access and disclosure following use of donated gametes or embryos. Poster presented at the 52nd annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine; Boston, MA.
  68. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1996). Gamete and embryo donation and adoption: A comparison. Presented at the 9th Australasian Human Development Conference; Perth, WA.
  69. Walker, I. (1995). Relative deprivation and social identity. Paper presented at the First Annual Meeting of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists; Hobart, TAS.
  70. Augoustinos, M., & Walker, I. (1995). Stereotypes as social representations. Paper presented at the First Annual Meeting of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists; Hobart, TAS.
  71. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1995). Donors, donations, and dilemmas. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Fertility Society of Australia; Melbourne, VIC.
  72. Walker, I., & Broderick, P. (1995). The psychology of assisted reproduction, or psychology assisting its reproduction? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Psychological Society; Perth, WA.
  73. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1995). Donor gametes and embryos: Who wants to know and why? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Psychological Society; Perth, WA.
  74. Kretzschmar, K., & Walker, I. (1995). Women at work: A study of relative deprivation in an organizational setting. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Psychological Society; Perth, WA.
  75. Pedersen, A., & Walker, I. (1995). Prejudice against Aborigines: Old-fashioned and modern forms. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Psychological Society; Perth, WA.
  76. Walker, I. (1994). Stereotype structure and prejudice. Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of Australian Social Psychologists; Cairns, QLD.
  77. Broderick, P., & Walker, I. (1994). Donor gametes and embryos: Who wants to know and why? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Fertility Society of Australia; Brisbane, QLD.
  78. Walker, I., Locke, V., & McLeod, C. (1993). Automatic and controlled activation of stereotypes: Individual differences related to prejudice. Presented at the 22nd Annual Meeting of Australian Social Psychologists; Newcastle, NSW.
  79. Walker, I. (1992). Relative deprivation and prejudice. Presented at the 21st Annual Meeting of Australian Social Psychologists; Orewa, New Zealand.
  80. Sheehan, E., McDevitt, T., & Walker, I. (1992). Irish, American, and Australian university students' beliefs regarding effective and ineffective teaching. Presented at the 23rd Annual Conference of the Psychology Society of Ireland; Blarney, Ireland.
  81. McDevitt, T., Sheehan, E., Smith, H., Walker, I., & Cooney, J. (1992). Conceptions of listening and epistemologies of American, Irish, and Australian university students. Presented at the 23rd Annual Conference of the Psychology Society of Ireland; Blarney, Ireland.
  82. Walker, I., & Smith, M. (1989). Adapting Criterial Referents Theory to measure attitudes to a single object. Presented at the 97th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association; New Orleans.
  83. Walker, I. (1988). Sex of interviewer effects on responses to the Attitudes toward Women Scale. Presented at the XXIV International Congress of Psychology; Sydney. NSW.
  84. Smith, M., & Walker, I. (1988). Attitude(s) toward woman: Yet more Australian data on the factor structure of the AWS. Presented at the Australian Bicentennial Meeting of Social Psychologists; Leura, NSW.
  85. Walker, I. (1987). Distributive justice: Individual differences due to sex, nationality, and political ideology. Presented at the 16th Annual Meeting of Australian Social Psychologists; Canberra.