Behavioural parenting interventions based on social learning theory have proven effectiveness in reducing child problem behaviour, particularly externalising behaviour (e.g., noncompliance, aggression). These interventions aim to promote parents’ non-coercive disciplinary practices (e.g., “time out”) and positive parenting behaviours, such as praising a child for prosocial behaviour. However, less is known about the effects of attachment-based and emotion-focused parenting interventions on children’s externalizing and internalizing behaviours. These types of programs go beneath behaviour and focus on strengthening the emotional quality of the parent-child relationship through enhancing parents’ awareness of and responsiveness to child emotions. This study aims to provide a comprehensive review of the effectiveness of attachment-based and emotion-focused parenting interventions that will help inform evidence-based practice for child and adolescent mental health.
See the project protocol for additional information.