A/ Prof Stephanie Goodhew

BPsych Sc (Hons) PhD
Associate Professor

Associate Professor, The Australian National University (2021-present)

Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow, The Australian National University (2017-present)

Senior Lecturer, The Australian National University (2017-2020)

Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Early Career Researcher, The Australian National University (2014-2016)

Lecturer, The Australian National University (2012-2016)

Postdoctoral Fellowship (funded by Ontario Government), University of Toronto, Canada (2011-2012)

PhD (with Dean’s Award for Research Higher Degree Excellence), University of Queensland (2008-2011)

Bachelor of Psychological Science (Hons I) with University Medal, University of Queensland (2004-2007)


Current External Roles:

Associate Editor, Consciousness and Cognition

Guest Editor, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.


Current University Administration Roles:

Chair of Research School of Psychology's Alumni and Engagement Committee

Member of Research School of Psychology’s Executive Committee

Member of Research School of Psychology’s Research Committee

Administrator for SONA (Research participation website)


Research interests

Key Research Interest: Visual Attention (in particular the influence of attentional breadth of perception & mechanisms of regulation)

For most people, vision is the primary sensory modality, allowing us to navigate through the world and interact with it. It is our means of driving safely through traffic, avoiding obstacles, perceiving food we want to eat, reading, and recognising the face of a loved one. But at any given moment, there is far more information available to process in visual scenes than our brain is capable of processing to the level of awareness. This means that visual attention has a fundamental triaging role to play in shaping our perception of the world, by selecting certain relevant information for privileged processing, while filtering out other information.

In many real-world visual tasks, the size of the spatial area over which we apply our attentional resources is important. For example, when driving a car, reading the speedometer requires a narrow focus of spatial attention, whereas monitoring the road for any movement (e.g., child approaching the road, trajectories of other cars) requires a broad focus. Similarly, when watching a crowd of people, recognising an individual face requires a narrow focus of attention, while determining the direction in which the majority of the crowd is moving requires a broader one.

Laboratory research has confirmed that different attended-region sizes benefit different aspects of visual perception. For example, a narrow attended-region enhances perceptual acuity for fine spatial details, whereas a wide one facilitates visual search over multiple diverse objects. Crucially, the fact that different attended-region sizes are variably optimal for particular tasks implies that to successfully support dynamic and complex real-world vision, a critical task is not just to set a size for spatial attention, but to be able to flexibly alter (i.e., switch) this size in a rapid and efficient fashion. For example, attentional re-sizing underlies being able to quickly alter attended-region size from narrow focus on the speedo to broad focus on the whole scene to avoid collisions. My research is largely focussed on examining the perceptual consequences of different attended-region sizes, identifying which individuals are more efficient at attentional re-sizing, and whether attentional re-sizing flexibility is a skill that can be improved or trained.

Key Research Interest: Anxiety and Attention

Individuals with trait anxiety and social anxiety have an attentional bias toward threatening information in their environment. These biases appear to not only characterise anxiety, but also to be causally implicated in its origin and maintenance. For example, when giving a speech, an individual with social anxiety favours attending to the one frowning, bored-looking face, while ignoring the neutral or smiling faces in the crowd. Such selective processing of environment can distort these individuals' experiences of events, and ultimately exacerbate their anxiety. I am interested in improving our understanding of the cognitive processes that underlie such attentional biases. 

Key Research Interest: The Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Conscious Object Perception

The human visual system is continuously confronted with dynamic visual input. This means that the system must parse this ongoing input into discrete objects to transform it into the coherent and stable visual scene that we consciously perceive. For example, when walking down a crowded street, there are a large number of people, who are moving, and can disappear temporarily behind other objects. From this, the system needs to infer what stimulation belongs to a continuing object over time (e.g., the same person, despite changes in their appearance because of viewpoint variation and location), versus what belongs to distinct objects (e.g., two different people who might occupy the same location between successive glances).Therefore, the visual system regularly has to draw an inference of whether input from a given location belongs to a continuous object identity through time (object continuity), versus two (or more) separate objects (object individuation). Such inferences occur before conscious perception, but ultimately determine our subjective experience of the world. I am interested in the mechanisms that underlie and influence inferences of object continuity versus object individuation. To do, I have studied these questions most extensively via object-substitution masking (OSM).

Key Research Interest: Migraine

Migraine affects about 1 in 7 people, but about half of those do not know that they have migraine. I am interested in improving general knowledge about migraine, its characteristics, and treatments options. For instance, my recent research revealed that 1 in 5 migraineurs did not know that there are prescription medications available to help reduce the frequency and severity of attacks. This means that people are missing out on available treatments, and may be suffering unnecessarily. There are also acute medications available which help to minimise a migraine once it starts. However, these need to be used sparingly, because over-use of such treatments can lead to rebound headaches - creating the issue for which treatment is sought. Overuse of such medications is a common route via which migraines transition from episodic to chronic. Despite this, my recent found that 1 in 5 migraineurs were not aware of this risk. Again, this calls for public health campigns to improve migraine awareness. I'm interested in understanding the prevalence and impact across physical and psychological health of migraine. 


Road Safety Grant, Cognitive Processes Implicated in Useful Field of View Task Performance, awarded by Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Justice and Community Safety Directorate to Nicholas Wyche and Stephanie C. Goodhew, $10,872 (2020-2021). 

Future Fellowship, The Causes and Consequences of Attentional Re-sizing Flexibility, awarded by the Australian Research Council to Stephanie C. Goodhew, $756,576 (2017-2021)

ANU Major Equipment Grant, High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Eye-Tracking for Psychology, awarded to Stephanie C. Goodhew, Elinor McKone, Anne Aimola Davies, Bruce Christensen, and Emma Axelsson, $46,000 (2017). 

New Initiative and Transdisciplinary Grant, The Interaction Between Language and Visual Attention awarded by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language to Evan Kidd, Stephanie C. Goodhew, and Mark Ellison, $11,630 (2015-2016).

Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA), The Temporal Dynamics of Conscious Object Perception awarded by the Australian Research Council (ARC) to Stephanie C. Goodhew, $371,220 (2014-2016). 



Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (in press). Both negative and positive task-irrelevant stimuli contract attentional breadth in individuals with high levels of negative affect. Cognition & Emotion.

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (in press). The relationship between cognitive failures and empathy. Personality and Individual Differences.

Talipski, L.A., Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (in press). No effect of spatial attention on the processing of a motion ensemble: Evidence from Posner cueing. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.

Thomson, K.J., & Goodhew, S.C. (2021). The relationship between the subjective experience of real-world cognitive failures and objective target-detection performance in visual search. Cognition, 217, 104914. doi:

Goodhew, S.C., Reynolds, K., Edwards, M., & Kidd, E. (2021). The content of gender stereotypes embedded in language use. Journal of Language and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1177/0261927X211033930.

Edwards, M., Goodhew, S.C., & Badcock, D. (2021). Using perceptual tasks to selectively measure magnocellular and parvocellular performance: Rationale and a user’s guide. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 28(4), 1029-1050. doi: 10.3758/s13423-020-01874-w

Yabuki, H., & Goodhew, S.C. (2021). The efficiency of visual search for a frequently changed target is preserved in older adults. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74(6), 1070-1082.  doi: 10.1177/1747021820986353

Campbell, N.M., Dawel, A., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2021). Does motivational intensity exist distinct from valence and arousal? Emotion, 21(5), 1013-1028. doi: 10.1037/emo0000883

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2021). Attentional control both helps and harms empathy. Cognition, 206, 104505. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104505

Talipski, L., Bell, E., Goodhew, S.C., Dawel, A., & Edwards, M. (2021). Examining the effects of social anxiety and other individual differences on gaze-directed attentional shifts. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74(4), 771-785. doi: 10.1177/1747021820973954

Goodhew, S.C. (2021). When cognitive control harms rather than helps: Individuals with high working memory capacity are less efficient at infrequent contraction of attentional breadth. Psychological Research, 85(4), 1783-1800. doi: 10.1007/s00426-020-01344-x

Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2020). Bliss is blue and bleak is grey: Abstract word-colour associations influence objective performance even when not task relevant. Acta Psychologica, 206, 103067. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103067

Delchau, H.L., Christensen, B.K., Lipp, O.V., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). The effect of social anxiety on top-down attentional orienting to emotional faces. Emotion. doi:10.1037/emo0000764

Goodhew, S.C. (2020). The Breadth of Visual Attention. (part of Elements in Perception series, edited by J. T. Enns), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goodhew, S.C., Dawel, A., & Edwards, M. (2020). Standardizing measurement in psychological studies: On why one second has different value in a sprint versus a marathon. Behavior Research Methods, 52(6):2338-2348. doi: 10.3758/s13428-020-01383-7

Goodhew, S.C. (2020). Applying an individual-differences lens to understanding human cognition. Consciousness and Cognition, 79, 102883doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2020.102883

Delchau, H.L., Christensen, B.K., Lipp, O.V., O'Kearney, R., Bandara, K.H., Tan, N., Yabuki, H., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). Searching for emotion: A top-down set governs attentional orienting to facial expressions. Acta Psychologica, 204, 103024. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103024

Lawrence, R. K., Edwards, M. E., Talipski, L. A., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). A critical review of the cognitive and perceptual factors influencing attentional scaling and visual processing. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 27, 405-422. doi:10.3758/s13423-019-01692-9

Proud, M., Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2020). A vigilance avoidance account of spatial selectivity in dual-stream emotion induced blindness. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 27(2), 322-329. doi: 10.3758/s13423-019-01690-x

Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). The impact of scaling rather than shaping attention: Changes in the scale of attention using global motion inducers influence both spatial and temporal acuity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 46(3), 313-323. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000708

Delchau, H. L., Christensen, B.K., O’Kearney, R. & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). What is top-down about seeing enemies? Social anxiety and attention to threat. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 82(4), 1779-1792. doi: 10.3758/s13414-019-01920-3

Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., Choong, C.W., Cox, J.A., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). Does cultural background predict the spatial distribution of attention? Culture and Brain, 8, 137-165. doi: 10.1007/s40167-019-00086-x

Goodhew, S.C. (2020). What was that object? On the role of identity information in the formation of object files and conscious object perception. Psychological Research, 84(7), 2018-2033. doi: 10.1007/s00426-019-01200-7

Wu, Q., Kidd, E., & Goodhew, S.C. (2019). The spatial mapping of concepts in English and Mandarin. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 31(7), 703-724. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2019.1663354

Goodhew, S.C. (2019). Migraine Literacy and Treatment in a University Sample. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, 1(10), 749-757. doi:10.1007/s42399-019-00124-y

Goodhew, S.C. (2019). The independence of endogenous attentional orienting and object individuation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 45(10), 1389-1398. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000682.

Goodhew, S.C., & Plummer, A.S. (2019). Flexibility in resizing attentional breadth: Asymmetrical versus symmetrical attentional contraction and expansion costs depends on context. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72(10), 2527–2540. doi: 10.1177/1747021819846831.

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2019). Translating experimental paradigms into individual-differences research: Contributions, challenges, and practical recommendations. Consciousness and Cognition, 69, 14-25. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.008

Dawel, A., Wong, T.Y., McMorrow, J., Ivanovici, C., He, X., Barnes, N., Irons, J., Gradden, T., Robbins, R., Goodhew, S.C., Lane, J., & McKone, E. (2019). Caricaturing as a general method to improve poor face recognition: Evidence from low-resolution images, other-race faces, and older adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 25(2), 256-279. doi: 10.1037/xap0000180.

Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Changes in the spatial spread of attention with ageing. Acta Psychologica, 188, 188-199. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.06.009

Cox, J. A., Christensen, B. K., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Temporal dynamics of anxiety-related attentional bias: is affective context a missing piece of the puzzle? Cognition & Emotion, 32(6), 1329-1338. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2017.1386619

Corke, M., Bell, J., Goodhew, S.C., Smithson, M., & Edwards, M. (2018). Perceived time slows during fleeting fun or fear. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(2), 562-567. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1264000

Boal, H.L., Christensen, B.K., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Social anxiety and  attentional biases: A top-down contribution? Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 80(1), 42-53. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1415-5

Goodhew, S.C., Lawrence, R.K., & Edwards, M. (2017). Testing the generality of the zoom-lens model: Evidence for visual-pathway specific effects of attended-region size on perception. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 79(4), 1147-1164. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1306-9

Goodhew, S.C. (2017). What have we learned from two decades of object substitution masking? Time to update: object individuation prevails over substitution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43(6), 1249-1262. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000395

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2017). Objects but not concepts modulate the size of the attended region. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(7), 1353-1365. doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1183687. 

Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2017). Language use statistics and prototypical grapheme colours predict synaesthetes' and non-synaesthetes' word-colour associations. Acta Psychologica, 173, 73-86. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2016.12.008

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2016). Object individuation is invariant to attentional diffusion: Changes in the size of the attended region do not interact with object substitution masking. Cognition, 157, 358-364. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.10.006.

Goodhew, S.C. (2016). Review: When masks reveal more than they hide. American Journal of Psychology, 129(3), 350-355. doi: 10.5406/amerjpsyc.129.3.0350

Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2016). The conceptual cueing database: Rated items for the study of the interaction between language and attention. Behavior Research Methods, 48, 1004-1007. doi: 10.3758/s13428-015-0625-9

Goodhew, S. C., Shen, E., & Edwards, M. (2016). Selective spatial enhancement: Attentional spotlight size impacts spatial but not temporal perception. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(4), 1144-1149. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0904-6

Goodhew, S.C., Greenwood, J.A., & Edwards, M. (2016). Categorical information influences conscious perception: An interaction between object-substitution masking and repetition blindness. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 78(4), 1186-1202. doi: 10.3758/s13414-016-1073-z

Goodhew, S.C., & Clarke, R. (2016). Contributions of the parvocellular and magnocellular pathways to visual perception near the hands are not fixed, but can be dynamically altered. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(1), 156-162. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0844-1

Goodhew, S.C., Edwards, M., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2015). Altered visual perception near the hands: A critical review of attentional and neurophysiological models. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 55, 223-233. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0844-1

Goodhew, S. C., Freire, M. R., & Edwards, M. (2015). Enhanced semantic priming in synesthetes independent of sensory binding. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 443-456. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2015.02.019

Goodhew, S.C., Edwards, M., Boal, H.L., & Bell, J. (2015). Two objects or one? Similarity rather than complexity determines objecthood when resolving dynamic input. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(1), 102-110. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000022

Goodhew, S.C., Fogel, N., & Pratt, J. (2014). The nature of altered vision near the hands: Evidence for the magnocellular enhancement account from object correspondence through occlusion. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21(6), 1452-1458. doi: 10.3758/s13423-014-0622-5

Goodhew, S.C., McGaw, B., & Kidd, E. (2014). Why is the sunny side always up? Explaining the spatial mapping of concepts by language use. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21(5), 1287-1293. doi: 10.3758/s13423-014-0593-6

Goodhew, S.C., Kendall, W., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2014). Setting semantics: Conceptual set can determine the physical properties that capture attention. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 76(6)1577-1589. doi: 10.3758/s13414-014-0686-3.

Goodhew, S.C., Boal, H.L., & Edwards, M. (2014). A magnocellular contribution to conscious perception via temporal object segmentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(3)948-959. doi: 10.1037/a0035769

Goodhew, S.C., Pratt, J., Dux, P.E., & Ferber, S. (2013). Substituting objects from consciousness: A review of object substitution masking. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 20(5), 859-877. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0400-9

Gozli, D.G., Goodhew, S.C., Moskowitz, J.B., & Pratt, J. (2013). Ideomotor perception modulates visuospatial cueing. Psychological Research, 77(5),528-539. doi: 10.1007/s00426-012-0461-9

Goodhew, S.C., Gozli, D.G., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2013). Reduced temporal fusion in near-hand space. Psychological Science, 24(6), 891-900. doi: 10.1177/0956797612463402

Goodhew, S.C., Dux, P.E., Lipp, O.V., & Visser, T.A.W. (2012). Understanding recovery from object substitution masking. Cognition, 122(3), 405-415. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.11.010

Goodhew, S.C., Visser, T.A.W., Lipp, O.V., & Dux, P.E. (2011). Competing for consciousness: Prolonged mask exposure reduces object substitution masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(2), 588-596. doi: 10.1037/a0018740

Goodhew, S.C., Visser, T.A.W., Lipp, O.V., & Dux, P.E. (2011). Implicit semantic perception in object substitution masking. Cognition, 118(1), 130-134. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.10.013

Dux, P.E., Visser, T.A.W., Goodhew, S.C., & Lipp, O.V. (2010). Delayed re-entrant processing impairs visual awareness: An object-substitution masking study. Psychological Science, 21(9), 1242-1247.doi:10.1177/0956797610379866

PSYC3015 Visual & Cognitive Neuroscience (Cognitive Neuroscience Module)