Psychology is a broad discipline that incorporates many areas. It is much more than the areas of counselling and clinical psychology which many people have heard about.
Clinical neuropsychologists provide assessments and treatment recommendations for people experiencing difficulties with memory, learning, attention, language, reading, problem-solving, decision-making or other aspects of behaviour and thinking abilities. Neuropsychologists also provide treatment that may employ cognitive, educational, behavioural or psychosocial methods.
More on clinical neuropsychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
Most clinical psychologists develop expertise in specific areas of clinical psychology. They provide a wide range of psychological services to individuals across the lifespan and for mental health conditions that range from mild to severe and complex.
More on clinical psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
Community psychologists hold expertise in:
- Needs analysis for communities at risk, such as immigrant groups and rural and remote communities.
- Community asset mapping of social capital and related resources.
- Community generated problem solving based on collaboration and social justice.
- Community capacity building to manage change and address risks and threats.
- Evaluation of psychosocial environments with respect to sense of community, quality of life, social support networks, resilience, etc.
- Social impact assessment related to environmental issues such as drought and climate change
More on community psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
Counselling psychology focuses on providing therapeutic treatments to clients who experience a wide variety of symptoms.
More on counselling psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website
Educational and developmental psychology
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of changes that occur in human beings over the course of their life. Educational psychology involves the study of how people learn, including topics such as instructional processes, learning difficulties, bullying and aggression, and the impact of school and social factors.
More on educational and developmental psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
Forensic psychologists are scientist-practitioners. They apply psychological knowledge, theory and skills to the understanding and functioning of legal and criminal justice systems, and to conducting research in relevant areas. They often work in criminal, civil and family legal contexts and provide services for litigants, perpetrators, victims, and personnel of government and community organisations.
More on forensic psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
The field of health psychology is focused on promoting health as well as the prevention and treatment of disease and illness. Health psychologists also focus on how people react, cope and recover from illness.
More on health psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
Organisational psychologists have expertise in a range of issues such as performance management, staff recruitment, learning and development, leadership and talent management, coaching, mentoring, career development, wellbeing, stress and work-life balance.
More on organisational psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.
Sport and exercise psychology
Sports psychology involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance and how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors.
More on the sport and exercise psychology from the Australian Psychological Society website.