Future Fellow, ANU (2017-present)
Senior Lecturer, ANU (2017-present)
Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Early Career Researcher, ANU (2014-2016)
Lecturer, The Australian National University (ANU) (2012-2016)
Postdoctoral Fellowship (funded by Ontario Government), University of Toronto, Canada (2011-2012)
PhD (with Dean’s Award for Research Higher Degree Excellence), University of Queensland (2008-2011)
Bachelor of Psychological Science (Hons I) with University Medal, University of Queensland (2004-2007)
Key Research Interest: Visual Attention (in particular the influence of attentional breadth of perception & mechanisms of regulation)
For most people, vision is the primary sensory modality, allowing us to navigate through the world and interact with it. It is our means of driving safely through traffic, avoiding obstacles, perceiving food we want to eat, reading, and recognising the face of a loved one. But at any given moment, there is far more information available to process in visual scenes than our brain is capable of processing to the level of awareness. This means that visual attention has a fundamental triaging role to play in shaping our perception of the world, by selecting certain relevant information for privileged processing, while filtering out other information.
In many real-world visual tasks, the size of the spatial area over which we apply our attentional resources is important. For example, when driving a car, reading the speedometer requires a narrow focus of spatial attention, whereas monitoring the road for any movement (e.g., child approaching the road, trajectories of other cars) requires a broad focus. Similarly, when watching a crowd of people, recognising an individual face requires a narrow focus of attention, while determining the direction in which the majority of the crowd is moving requires a broader one.
Laboratory research has confirmed that different attended-region sizes benefit different aspects of visual perception. For example, a narrow attended-region enhances perceptual acuity for fine spatial details, whereas a wide one facilitates visual search over multiple diverse objects. Crucially, the fact that different attended-region sizes are variably optimal for particular tasks implies that to successfully support dynamic and complex real-world vision, a critical task is not just to set a size for spatial attention, but to be able to flexibly alter (i.e., switch) this size in a rapid and efficient fashion. For example, attentional re-sizing underlies being able to quickly alter attended-region size from narrow focus on the speedo to broad focus on the whole scene to avoid collisions. My research is largely focussed on examining the perceptual consequences of different attended-region sizes, identifying which individuals are more efficient at attentional re-sizing, and whether attentional re-sizing flexibility is a skill that can be improved or trained.
Key Research Interest: Anxiety and Attention
Individuals with trait anxiety and social anxiety have an attentional bias toward threatening information in their environment. These biases appear to not only characterise anxiety, but also to be causally implicated in its origin and maintenance. For example, when giving a speech, an individual with social anxiety favours attending to the one frowning, bored-looking face, while ignoring the neutral or smiling faces in the crowd. Such selective processing of environment can distort these individuals' experiences of events, and ultimately exacerbate their anxiety. I am interested in improving our understanding of the cognitive processes that underlie such attentional biases.
Key Research Interest: The Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Conscious Object Perception
The human visual system is continuously confronted with dynamic visual input. This means that the system must parse this ongoing input into discrete objects to transform it into the coherent and stable visual scene that we consciously perceive. For example, when walking down a crowded street, there are a large number of people, who are moving, and can disappear temporarily behind other objects. From this, the system needs to infer what stimulation belongs to a continuing object over time (e.g., the same person, despite changes in their appearance because of viewpoint variation and location), versus what belongs to distinct objects (e.g., two different people who might occupy the same location between successive glances).Therefore, the visual system regularly has to draw an inference of whether input from a given location belongs to a continuous object identity through time (object continuity), versus two (or more) separate objects (object individuation). Such inferences occur before conscious perception, but ultimately determine our subjective experience of the world. I am interested in the mechanisms that underlie and influence inferences of object continuity versus object individuation. To do, I have studied these questions most extensively via object-substitution masking (OSM).
Future Fellowship, The Causes and Consequences of Attentional Re-sizing Flexibility, awarded by the Australian Research Council to Stephanie Goodhew, $756,576 (2017-2021)
ANU Major Equipment Grant, High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Eye-Tracking for Psychology, awarded to Stephanie Goodhew, Elinor McKone, Anne Aimola Davies, Bruce Christensen, and Emma Axelsson, $46,000 (2017).
New Initiative and Transdisciplinary Grant, The Interaction Between Language and Visual Attention awarded by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language to Evan Kidd, Stephanie Goodhew, and Mark Ellison, $11,630 (2015-2016).
Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA), The Temporal Dynamics of Conscious Object Perception awarded by the Australian Research Council (ARC) to Stephanie Goodhew, $371,220 (2014-2016).
Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (in press). Changes in the spatial spread of attention with ageing. Acta Psychologica.
Dawel, A., Wong, T.Y., McMorrow, J., Ivanovici, C., He, X., Barnes, N., Irons, J., Gradden, T., Robbins, R., Goodhew, S.C., Lane, J., & McKone, E. (in press). Caricaturing as a general method to improve poor face recognition: Evidence from low-resolution images, other-race faces, and older adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.
Cox, J. A., Christensen, B. K., & Goodhew, S. C. (2018). Temporal dynamics of anxiety-related attentional bias: is affective context a missing piece of the puzzle? Cognition & Emotion, 32(6), 1329-1338. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2017.1386619
Corke, M., Bell, J., Goodhew, S.C., Smithson, M., & Edwards, M. (2018). Perceived time slows during fleeting fun or fear. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(2), 562-567. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1264000
Boal, H.L., Christensen, B.K., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Social anxiety and attentional biases: A top-down contribution? Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 80(1), 42-53. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1415-5
Goodhew, S.C., Lawrence, R.K., & Edwards, M. (2017). Testing the generality of the zoom-lens model: Evidence for visual-pathway specific effects of attended-region size on perception. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79(4), 1147-1164. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1306-9
Goodhew, S.C. (2017). What have we learned from two decades of object substitution masking? Time to update: object individuation prevails over substitution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 43(6), 1249-1262. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000395
Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2017). Objects but not concepts modulate the size of the attended region. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(7), 1353-1365. doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1183687.
Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2017). Language use statistics and prototypical grapheme colours predict synaesthetes' and non-synaesthetes' word-colour associations. Acta Psychologica, 173, 73-86. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2016.12.008
Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2016). Object individuation is invariant to attentional diffusion: Changes in the size of the attended region do not interact with object substitution masking. Cognition, 157, 358-364. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.10.006.
Goodhew, S.C. (2016). Review: When masks reveal more than they hide. American Journal of Psychology, 129(3), 350-355. doi: 10.5406/amerjpsyc.129.3.0350
Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2016). The conceptual cueing database: Rated items for the study of the interaction between language and attention. Behavior Research Methods, 48, 1004-1007. doi: 10.3758/s13428-015-0625-9
Goodhew, S. C., Shen, E., & Edwards, M. (2016). Selective spatial enhancement: Attentional spotlight size impacts spatial but not temporal perception. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(4), 1144-1149. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0904-6
Goodhew, S.C., Greenwood, J.A., & Edwards, M. (2016). Categorical information influences conscious perception: An interaction between object-substitution masking and repetition blindness. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 78(4), 1186-1202. doi: 10.3758/s13414-016-1073-z
Goodhew, S.C., & Clarke, R. (2016). Contributions of the parvocellular and magnocellular pathways to visual perception near the hands are not fixed, but can be dynamically altered. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(1), 156-162. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0844-1
Goodhew, S.C., Edwards, M., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2015). Altered visual perception near the hands: A critical review of attentional and neurophysiological models. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 55, 223-233. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0844-1
Goodhew, S. C., Freire, M. R., & Edwards, M. (2015). Enhanced semantic priming in synesthetes independent of sensory binding. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 443-456. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2015.02.019
Goodhew, S.C., Edwards, M., Boal, H.L., & Bell, J. (2015). Two objects or one? Similarity rather than complexity determines objecthood when resolving dynamic input. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(1), 102-110. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000022
Goodhew, S.C., Fogel, N., & Pratt, J. (2014). The nature of altered vision near the hands: Evidence for the magnocellular enhancement account from object correspondence through occlusion. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(6), 1452-1458. doi: 10.3758/s13423-014-0622-5
Goodhew, S.C., McGaw, B., & Kidd, E. (2014). Why is the sunny side always up? Explaining the spatial mapping of concepts by language use. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(5), 1287-1293. doi: 10.3758/s13423-014-0593-6
Goodhew, S.C., Kendall, W., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2014). Setting semantics: Conceptual set can determine the physical properties that capture attention. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 76(6), 1577-1589. doi: 10.3758/s13414-014-0686-3.
Goodhew, S.C., Boal, H.L., & Edwards, M. (2014). A magnocellular contribution to conscious perception via temporal object segmentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(3), 948-959. doi: 10.1037/a0035769
Goodhew, S.C., Pratt, J., Dux, P.E., & Ferber, S. (2013). Substituting objects from consciousness: A review of object substitution masking. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20(5), 859-877. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0400-9
Gozli, D.G., Goodhew, S.C., Moskowitz, J.B., & Pratt, J. (2013). Ideomotor perception modulates visuospatial cueing. Psychological Research, 77(5),528-539. doi: 10.1007/s00426-012-0461-9
Goodhew, S.C., Gozli, D.G., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2013). Reduced temporal fusion in near-hand space. Psychological Science, 24(6), 891-900. doi: 10.1177/0956797612463402
Goodhew, S.C., Dux, P.E., Lipp, O.V., & Visser, T.A.W. (2012). Understanding recovery from object substitution masking. Cognition, 122(3), 405-415. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.11.010
Goodhew, S.C., Visser, T.A.W., Lipp, O.V., & Dux, P.E. (2011). Competing for consciousness: Prolonged mask exposure reduces object substitution masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(2), 588-596. doi: 10.1037/a0018740
Goodhew, S.C., Visser, T.A.W., Lipp, O.V., & Dux, P.E. (2011). Implicit semantic perception in object substitution masking. Cognition, 118(1), 133-137 doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.10.013
Dux, P.E., Visser, T.A.W., Goodhew, S.C., & Lipp, O.V. (2010). Delayed re-entrant processing impairs visual awareness: An object-substitution masking study. Psychological Science, 21(9), 1242-1247.doi:10.1177/0956797610379866